Madhushala Author(s) HarivanshRaiBachchan Country India Language Hindi Genre(s) HindiPoem Publisher Hind Pocket Books Publication date 1935 Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback) ISBN 81-216-0125-8 Followed by Madhubala
Madhushala (Hindi: मधशाला) (The Tavern/The House of Wine), is a book of 135 "quatrains": verses of four lines (Ruba'i) by Hindi poet and writer Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907–2003). The highly metaphorical workis still
celebrated for its deeply Sufi incantations and philosophical undertones 
and is an important work in the Chhayavaad (i.e. Impressionism) literary movement of early 20th century Hindi literature.
All the rubaaiaa (the plural for rubaai) end in the word madhushala. The poet tries to explain the complexity of life with his four instruments, which appear in almost every verse: madhu, madira or haala (wine), saaki (server), pyaala (cup or glass) and of course madhushala, madiralaya (pub/bar).
First published in 1935, the work got Harivanshrai Bachchan instant fame, especially when his own recitation of the poems became a craze at Poetry
symposiums.  When first published, it met criticism from many people for its apparent praise of alcohol. As noted in Bachchan's autobiography, after listening to the poems Mahatma Gandhi stated that these criticisms
were unwarranted. 
Madhushala was part of his trilogy inspired by Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat, which he had earlier translated into Hindi. The other titles in the trilogy
were Madhubala (मधबाला) (1936) and Madhukalash (मधकलश) (1937).